Muhammad was an ordinary man from Mecca and is recognized for laying the foundations of the Islamic religion. Due to his wisdom and his prophecy he was said to be a messenger of Allah. Citing the words of an angel that came to him in a quiet deserted cave, he founded a new religion and created the Quran. Today, this religion is practiced by millions of people around the world.
Muhammad lived between 570 and 630 AD and led a hard and difficult life. He was orphaned as a child, repeatedly living with one relative and then the next, all of whom died. This includes his parents, grandparents, and his uncle. He grew up in Mecca, Saudi Arabia located along the peninsula. It was a large and booming city known for trading and pilgrimages. In this time, people followed Mecca traditions. This meant they believed in different gods and deities. They also worshiped statues and images. Despite his difficult childhood, “he grew up to be a capable and honest merchant”, (Goldschmidt, 2012). After marrying his wife Kadijah, Muhammad began to escape to the mountains where he received visions. The messages that received and later recited became the framework for the Quran. “Muhammad did not claim to have brought a new religion, but to have brought a new revelation that returned the people of the peninsula to the one true God, known as Allah, the God of Abraham, Ishmael, Moses, Noah, and Jesus”, (Davies-Stofka, 2012). Consequently, the foundations of Islam refer back to these fundamental teachings.
Reciting what was told to him by an angel, people listened and hearing his words they called him a prophet. He spoke to those who listened, reaching out to the people of Mecca. He discouraged value in material things and instead encouraged brotherly love and goodwill. In this way, Muhammad “gathered followers… from both poor and weak clans and rich ones”, (Davies-Stofka, 2012). Through his message he remained unbiased to social divisions. He was able to gather people of all walks of life, promoting benevolence and introduce people to, “the true God”. However, this caused a rift in the community as those who did not believe his message began to exile him. Many stopped doing trade with him. Others threatened his life for turning away from the traditional beliefs and preaching this. Forced out of Mecca, Muhammad and his followers found sanctuary in a new land.
Muhammad found a retreat and safe haven in the city of Medina. This migration changed everything, altering the course of history and creating the large, powerful, and respected Islamic Nation that is observed today. In Medina, Muhammad generated a larger following and found himself at war with Mecca. With despite and disdain for Muhammad, he was forced to defend himself as well as his beliefs. With this large following, not only did Muhammad win the war with Mecca, he was also able to reclaim the city. This further converted more people into to Islam. Mecca surrendered, the citizens converted along with many others. Muhammad was not only a prophet he is also a warrior; he was able to create a nation and bring people closer to God, also known as Allah.
Davies-Stofka, B. (2012). Religion Library: Islam. Patheos Library. Retrieved from: http://www.patheos.com/Library/Islam/Origins/Founders.html
Goldschmidt, A. (2012). A Concise History of the Middle East. Westview Press. Cambridge, MA. (7th ed.). Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?d=DHw0NzygOHoC&printsec=frontcover&dq=the+concise+history+of+the+middle+east&hl=en&sa=X&ei=lHjjUevmH-PCigLCkYHYCw&ved=0CEIQuwUwAg#v=onepage&q=muhammad&f=false
Muhammad: Legacey of Prophet. (2013). The Life of Muhammad. Retrieved from: