There are many critics of globalizations. Opponents claim critics of globalization are uneducated, empathize with underdeveloped nations, and view globalization as a threat to their job, security, and comfort of living. However, critics of globalization make valid and realistic points. Many are against globalization for different reasons. Some see it as getting rid of ethnic identity, promoting colonialism, and pushing Western concepts on cultures that are not equipped to take on this kind of society. Today, people are consumed with consuming that has integrated into American culture. Everyone has an idea of globalism but there is no clear cut definition. It is an idea that is hard to imagine as people continue to pick up new ideas and perspectives. Even the inventers of globalization seem to only have a one track mind: marketing, trade, gross national product. Supporters find a rainbow at the end of every tunnel concerning this topic, including poverty, hunger, education, governance, quality of life, and so forth. However, supporters also make a valid point. Although American is a developed and wealthy country, global marketing has not necessarily improved society. It has created job loss from outsourcing and crushed the American economy. With problems throughout the country created by capitalism and colonialism, transferring the Western market onto underdeveloped countries sounds frivolous and unnecessary.
In regards to consumerism, many critics of globalization point to sweatshops and poor working conditions. They also recognize that production and manufacturing, most of which involve chemicals, can damage the environment. There is limited recycling, reducing, and reusing as many purchase a product only to throw it away, like paper and pens. What many feel is important to our quality of life such as a car or cell phone is of little concern in the underdeveloped nations, like small tribes of the Amazon and other indigenous cultures. So why then does the American market need to globalize. If it’s not broken, don’t fix it. Although a country may be what we call “poor”, who says they are poor at all? These people have a habitat, resources to sustain, and an ordered social environment. Societies like this don’t need a market, trade, or global economy. However, globalization is what makes items affordable for Americans. Materials could be shipped to the underdeveloped nation for production and manufacturing for half the cost and returned for American consumption. Americans then, simply throw away these affordable items only to consume them again. “According to the EPA office of solid waste, Americans throw away more than 68 pounds of clothing and textiles per person per year”, (Scavenger, 2012). If Americans are consuming just to throw away, this does not sound like a society that should be promoted and encouraged in an underdeveloped nation.
Critics of globalization foresee immigration as a problem in a world society. With open boarders and world trade, people of underdeveloped nations will flock to America for opportunities of success. In today’s era, many people are concerned with immigration especially with our Mexican neighbors. The economy is slow with gradual improvements. Many do not look forward to the constant flow of diversity, re-shifting the already culturally diverse society. Not only America but other countries around the world are dealing with immigration including Africa, Asia, and Europe. In America, some are able to reap the benefits of American freedoms while others fall to the cracks of society. What would America do with this increase of people? Critics call this a deterioration, “not only of markets, information, and symbols, but also of large and growing numbers of people”, (Suarez-Orozco, 2001).
Nutrition and globalization present various problems, including quality, dependency, cost, and availability. Globalization may change the way food is produced, handled, and manufactured. With cattle cloning, processed foods, and pesticides, the quality of food distributed on a global scale may lose its nutrients and value. Other questions arise with global trade of food. This includes packaging and preservation. As food is traded and enter the world market, many underdeveloped countries will become increasingly dependent upon manufactured and imported food. This dependency on developed nations can have negative results. “The majority of developing countries depends on imported agricultural commodities and need assurances that supplies will not be arbitrarily restricted or taxed”, (Pinstnip-Anderson & Badinard, ).
Both supporters and critics of globalization make good points. It can either help the underdeveloped nation or hinder it. Regardless if globalization is right or wrong, before participating in the global market and taking on the problems associated with globalization, America should first fix the social problems rapid in society before deciding to trade and shift world perspective.
Pinstrup-Anderson, P., & Babinard, J. (2001). Globalizations human nutrition:Opportunities and risks for the poor in developing countries. African Journal for Food and Nutritional Science, 1(1), 9-18. Retrieved from http://www.ajol.info/index.php/ajfand/article/viewFile/19125/36584
Scavenger, S. (2012, Feb 18). [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://serendipitousscavenger.wordpress.com/tag/anti-globalization/
Suarez-Orozco, M. (2001). Globalization, immigration, and education: the research agenda. Harvard Educational Review, Fall(2001), Retrieved from http://www.hepg.org/her/abstract/117