As organizations and industries capitalize on a free trade market, people continue to debate globalization. Since the 1980’s, manufactures have expanded onto a global market. For example factories in Taiwan, Indonesia, and Bangladesh are now large exporters of various products and merchandise. As a result, the creation of jobs has improved their economy and decreased poverty. In instances like this, globalization can have a positive effect for nations across the globe. It can positively affect consumerism, immigration, and agriculture. For this reason, supporters of globalization have reason to celebrate.
Globalization will allow organizations in trade and profit in territories and nations across the world. In poor and impoverished nations, globalization can be an opportunity to participate in the global market. This can provide economic improvements such as creating jobs and income for the poor and introducing the country to new innovations. Poor and third world countries are able to produce products that can participate in the global market for consumerism. This saves cost for American consumers. “The public seems to understand certain benefits better than ever- for example, that its enjoyment of relatively affordable toys, DVD players, and other products depends on globalization”, (Scheve & Slaughter, 2007). Although many are against globalization, consumers continue to purchase merchandize made in China and Mexico. Without globalization, these products would increase in price, making many items such as computers and clothing more expensive.
Developments in technology, information, and innovation can reach indigenous cultures across the world. As a result, globalization can improve health and quality of life as shores and boarders are open for economic trade. Societies will then be able to accept differences in culture to generate peace between nations. It will also encourage personal growth in areas such as education. Although many opponents of globalization feel that it will stimulate migration and immigration to rich countries such as America and England, immigration laws already in place and efforts in national security can combat this issue. “The need to balance economic interest with national security concerns has resulted in a more protectionist stance; this may help explain debates on certain issues such as immigration”, (Scheve & Slaughter, 2007). Therefore, the debate of immigration is of little concern for globalization supporters. Instead, globalization will introduce impoverished nation to different cultures, beliefs, and innovations can be beneficial to their society. Nations such as America and Europe can also benefit from these nations in terms of production and resources, as well as information and innovations. Consequently, “Globalization could certainly facilitate more economic growth and cultural diversity”, (Aslam et al.).
Globalization can also have a positive effect on agriculture and nutrition. As nations enter the global market, they then have access to information, technology, and innovations. This includes equipment and education on biology, growth, and agriculture. It can have a direct and positive influence on a nation’s development of agriculture. With simple equipment such as a tractor, nutrient rich soil products, and information on planting, a nation can become a leading producer of agriculture than can feed the nation. Also moving factories and manufacturing to poor nations, people will then have jobs, to make money, to feed their families and decrease hunger. Researchers suggest that this can also lead to additional developments that increase nutrition and fight hunger. “If [globalization] leads to rapid expansion of food retail industries and if market innovations reach small and poor farmers, it can have a significant wage rate effect for the rural poor”, (von Braun & Mengista, 2009). Globalization can be positive for nations and territories across the globe. It can provide for a better quality of life for everyone and not limiting economic growth and prosperity to developed nations.
Despite the support and opposition of globalization, one does not outweigh the other. Although globalization can have a positive effect on poor and third world countries, it can also have negative results as well. Globalization has the potential to make the rich richer and the poor poorer. The wealthy and powerful can exploit the poor, through low wages and poor conditions. However, why try to help other nations before first trying to help America? In America there is hunger, poor health, and poverty. Also there is an obvious disparity between ethnic groups, socio-economic status, and gender. Before taking on globalization, economic trade, and extracting resources from third world countries, America should first tackle its own political and social concerns such as the economy, unemployment, healthcare, inflation, and the mortgage crisis, just to name a few.
Aslam, H., Azhar, M., Yasmeen, K., Farhan, H., Bader, M., & Tanveer, A. (2012).
Effects of globalization on developing countries. Journal of American Science, 8(8), 869-874. Retrieved from http://www.jofamericanscience.org/journals/am-sci/am0808/129_9923am0808_869_874.pdf
Scheve, K., & Slaughter, M. (2007). A new deal for globalization. Foreign Affairs, 86(4),34-47. Retrieved from https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/jchays/www/PS455/Readings/Scheve and Slaughter.pdf
von Braun, J., & Mengista, T. (2009). Poverty and globalization of the good and agriculture system. In J. von Braun, E. Hill & R. Pandya-Lorch (Eds.),The Poorest and Hungry: Assessments, Analyses, and Actions: An Ifpri 2020 BookRetrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=sc2Pc-OCIokC&printsec=frontcover